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Ancient human civilization in village
Tharu village
Newar-Gurung village
Magar village
Tamang village
Rai Kirati village
Thakali village
Exotic Tour Festival
Nomads and aborigines
Tharu Village Tour (social/anthropological tour)
Length :
17 days
Trip Level :
2 [level description]
Accommodation Grade :
Tea house [grade description]
Special Feature :
Ancient human civilization and rich Tharu culture
Best Times :
Late September to early June
Light black skinned, short but very strong people inhabited in the southern part of Nepal Terai lowland are Tharu. They are the indigenous people of Terai. It is said that the Rajput dynasty was ruling in India but the Muslim attacked and killed the Rajput king then queen and other royal family women eloped with their servants and absconded to Nepal to save their life from Muslim. They (Rana Tharu) say that Rana Tharu is the noble cast in the Tharu people. Tharu people have a large extended joint families who live under a roof about 25 to 120 people. They think “united the extent and divided the fall.” They live in humid and hot place near by the forest or in the forest because they wear very thin clothes. They have the unique culture, tradition and separate languages. They use mostly the local agro-based or forest based materials for their household necessities. They usually spend their time in the agricultural field. The ladies wear many different types of ornaments about 21 to 35 types. Their dress symbol is as follows:

Unmarried girls wear Nehenga, Choli and blouse. Married without children wears Nehenga, choli and Aghran (shawl). They cover their belly with aghran. The corner of aghran from bothside of the belly are thrust into Nehenga and made knot in the back. Married with children wears Nehenga, choli and Aghran clothes but they don’t tight or make a knot of aghran in the back. They leave their belly open. The Tharus are divided into 8 groups as follows in the different parts of the country:

  • Kailali and Kanchanpur- Rana Tharu
  • Kailali- Katharia Tharu
  • Bardia- Desauri Tharu
  • Dang- Dangaura Tharu
  • Deukhuri- Deukhuria Tharu
  • Chitwan- Chitwaniya Tharu
  • Parsa/Bara- Kochila Tharu
  • Morang/Sunsari- Lampuchhuwa Tharu

Tharus biggest festival-HOLI and MAGHI
The greatest festival of Katharia, Rana and most Tharu people is HOLI that lies between March and April. They celebrate Holi festival for about a month. This is only one society in Nepal in which the ladies without children are free for a month. The ladies can go any Tharu society, can enjoy and can make many boys and girl friends. Dangaura Tharu's biggest festival is Maghi that lies between January and February and it is celebrated for a month. Their interesting dance-Sakhia Nach is held for 6 months starting from September in which the boys play the drums/tom-tom and girls sing while dancing together.

Marriage system of Tharu people
A marriage is already settled that while two women are pregnant. It is proposed that if those ladies give their birth of opposite sex babies they will get married if the same sex babies they will be joint friends. If a boy comes to the age and leaves his wife and wants to marry a new one that is difficult to get a new one because most of the girls and boys are already proposed to get married. Elopement takes places in the society because of big difference in age of husband.

Belief of Tharu people
They strongly believe in supernatural forces. Guruwa/ Varra is the priest of Tharu people who perform all types of pooja, worship work etc. He has a power to control the witches and many evil spirits. He performs all rites and ritual works in a particular platform. Raksi- the local alcohol and Chang-the local beer are compulsory to perform any kind of job. The mosquitoes and elephants are the enemies of Tharu people but a Bharra or Guruwa can save the life from the snakebite. He can observe the poison and heal the patient.

Detailed itinerary
Day 01 : Arrive Kathmandu (1310m)

Day 02 : Mountain flight before noon that is the Himalayan adventure with scenic views of the Himalayas very closely then fly or drive to Nepalgunj(130m) same day and stay there.

Day 03 : Drive to Dhangadhi passing through the Royal Bardia National Park and crossing the one pillared world's 2nd longest bridge over Karnali River.

Day 04-05 : Explore the Ghuiyanghat and Jain village around Dhangadhi and Rampur Chaumala, Photogenic view of the Rampur lake with its rare floral species like colorful lotus and various types of migratory water birds.

Day 06 : Drive to the beautiful spot of Ghodaghodi Lake (lake of male and female horses), the biggest lake of lowland with unique floral and faunal species. The lake has its great historical and religious background. The picturesque Tharu villages can be seen very easily along both side of the road. Stay in beautiful place Tikapur.

Day 07 : Explore some Tharu village along the road side, continue drive to Thakurdwara, the unique place to visit for culture and nature.

Day 08 : Drive to scenic Dang Deukhuri valley, the origin of Tharu people and can be seen the typical tradition and culture of Tharu people.

Day 09 : Drive to Butwal

Day 10 : Day trip to Lumbini to explore Lord Buddha's birthplace.

Day 11 : Drive to Chitwan.

Day 12 : Enjoy with nature and Tharu culture. Chase the elusive Bengal tiger riding on the elephant, jeep safari, jungle walk, watch the elephant breeding center, explore the Tharu culture, enjoy and dance with them.

Day 13 : Drive to Pokhara.
Day 14 : Explore the Lakeside City.
Day 15 : Drive back to Kathmandu.
Day 16 : Sightseeing and shopping in Kathmandu.
Day 17 : Fly back home.

Cost per person (in Us dollars) : range $650 to $2200 [ Include and Exclude ]
Earth's Paradise Treks & Expeditions (P) Ltd.
P.O.Box No. 15142 KPC 853, Kathmandu, Nepal

Contact: Mr. Bhim Chand | Tel/fax : 977-1-435-7614
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